Commercial and Residential Real Estate in NCR

Commercial Property

Commercial Property consists of any property which can be used for commercial purposes which generate income such as retail shops, office spaces, food courts, cineplex, parking structures, conference plazas, warehouses, factories, IT Data Centres, & other shops. They are different from property that may be used for residential or agricultural purposes that although may generate income, are primarily developed for personal, not industrial or commercial use.

From an investment point of view, there are several advantages of investing in a commercial property than a residential property in India. They include:

  • Commercial properties are generally developed after a lot of research. The developer takes into account things like cost of land acquisition, construction and other costs to derive their profit margins. The property is thus generally at a location that is easily accessible and well connected, amid a catchment area with few competing projects.
  • It is easier to lease commercial property for longer duration to corporates creating stable, assured rental income for life.
  • A large office space can be divided into smaller sections if need be, ensuring financial viability of the investment.
  • Property management in commercial properties can be managed by professionals and be paid by tenants ensuring reduced stress for the investor as compared to a commercial property.
  • The return on investment on a commercial property is generally between 9-21%, while for most residential property investments the returns are 1-3%.

Speaking specifically about the Real Estate Sector in the National Capital Region, the residential property rates are stuck at the 2013-2014 levels. There is massive inventory with the developers with some reports suggesting it might take over 4 years for the inventory to clear.

The commercial property sector meanwhile is faring much better with prices up nearly 45% from 2013 levels and vacancy rate below 5% in many micro pockets in Gurgaon. The demand of office space from corporates, ITeS, and retail are the key drivers of this phenomenon.

Residential Property

Residential property is should be the property one buys for their own personal needs. Various types of residential properties include Villas, Apartments, Luxury Condominiums, Bungalows, or plots of land which one plans to develop later. Generally, a person buys residential property only once or twice in their lifetime. Hence one should take their time researching about the property and do so with a clear picture of their current and future requirements in their minds.

Some requirements of residential property are:

  • It should be in a residential area. Buying a residential property in a commercial area makes little sense as one would be constantly disturbed by noises of vehicles coming and departing, of factory activity, and other commercial activities. From a security point of view too, a commercial area has a large floating population which is difficult to monitor.
  • It should be free from all claims and liens. Buying a property without doing due diligence is asking for trouble. At any point someone may stake a claim or raise objections which may take years to settle later and cost a fortune in legal fees.
  • It should be a quality construction. If buying built up property it is essential to check the builders previous projects and have an independent inspection of the property from professionals to assess quake resistance and take ample measures to prevent water seepage from cracks and joints.
  • It should be close to amenities. A recent research has found that most of the house buyers are young couples as their parents already have a house of their own. Independent nuclear families who plan to have children in the future and a big thing to plan for in India is the school where the children will go to. In fact people give more weightage to having a good school nearby than to markets, religious places, and even hospitals.
  • Other things to look for are the price of the property, law and order condition of the area, water and electricity supply to the property, & distance from work among others.

So we see that the two different types of properties cater to different people with their own needs. While the commercial property is bought with an aim to invest & perhaps either rent or sell later, a residential property is bought primarily for self. In both cases it is important to identify the needs or the reason for buying the property, doing due diligence, partnering with the right developer who is honest, has the expertise, and understanding of the local market to get you the best possible deal.

Jamaica Real Estate

You would expect that Jamaica real estate prices would be quite high, considering the posh hotels and resorts, the elegant restaurants, and quite frankly, just the brand name ‘Jamaica’, but actually it is not so!

Leading realtor, Andrew Issa, was quoted as saying that currently purchasers get more ‘bang for the buck’ on real estates as opposed to other Caribbean islands. Meaning that you get a lot more real estate for the money in Jamaica.

There should be no surprise therefore, of the increasing number of foreigners who are showing heated interest in Jamaican properties. I recall a recent article in one of our notable newspapers, the Jamaica Observer reporting that over 55% of all real estate transactions in Jamaica are completed with overseas clients!

General Manager of JN Real Estate Signature Homes and Properties, Jacqueline Peat-Smith, not so long ago stated that “demand, especially from people returning home from Britain wanting to build primarily in Trelawny, St James, St Ann, St Thomas, St Catherine, Manchester, St Mary and St Elizabeth, was far outstripping supply.

Admittedly, we had some concerns of bureaucracy in the past, but with concerted pressure on the government from real estate developers, tremendous work has been done and the process has gotten a lot smoother.

Very soon, it is expected that Jamaica will solidify its position as having the best real estate properties in the Caribbean. Mr. Issa identified the huge investments that are being made in the country’s infrastructure as the driving force.

He stated that “the infrastructure upgrade that is taking place will drive our market. The airport upgrades, the highways and the new water system for the North Coast all are coming together to improve the country”, “plus, we are blessed with the most beautiful island in the Caribbean. We have an authentic history, culture, and people.”

In terms of the high-end resort market, the Palmyra Resort development in Rose Hall, Montego Bay and the Chris Blackwell’s development, Goldeneye in Oracabessa, St. Mary stands out.

Jamaica real estate is still the jewel of the Caribbean, and will remain so as we propel our country forward.

Bangalore Real Estate Goes Green

Bangalore real estate activities are witnessing a stagnation period. There is identified stock of unoccupied properties in the Whitefield area. The reason gauged is all the IT and IT enabled service companies are heading towards green buildings. Green buildings are the peg of the year as the world is adapting green arena to counter various environmental issues. All builders and developers are bound to adopt green technology to construct their buildings.

The upcoming real estate activities in Bangalore are happening at outer ring road and peripheral areas. Few buildings where the construction has just completed are lying vacant. The Bangalore real estate market is experiencing such vacant unit supply in past couple of months. The reason sought is the increasing demand of green building. The newly constructed Bangalore properties are not meeting green buildings requirements and thus they are not rated as green.

The IT and ITES companies are not occupying this space and as a result the real estate values are stagnating and the property prices are going down with time. In the last quarter demand – supply mismatch was approximately a million sq.ft. (as stated in Cushman & Wakefield report).

The Bangalore Real Estate Builders and property developers are still reluctant in building green homes and using new technology because of their profit margin. Also all the upcoming and current projects are overpriced than the market value.

The Whitefield region in Bangalore, where IT and ITES firms occupy most of the office space, could be delivered another blow when a Bangalore government scheme which provides rebate in tax to the companies located at “technology parks” comes to an end next year.

Most of the companies will head towards Special Economic Zones (SEZ) which is designed as per the green codes and this will further render some Bangalore properties vacant. Thus Bangalore real estate builders have no choice but to start constructing green buildings to save the environment as well as their own business